Robotic surgery, or robot-assisted surgery, allows urologists to perform various complex procedures with higher precision, flexibility, and control than is possible with conventional open techniques.
The most widely used clinical robotic surgical system includes a surgeon controlled camera arm and 2–3 mechanical arms with attached surgical instruments. The chief operating surgeon controls the arms, while seated at a computer console near the operating table. This console gives the surgeon a high-definition, magnified, 3-D view of the surgical site. An additional surgeon sits by the patient’s end to ensure that the surgery proceeds smoothly.
Robotic surgeries have multiple advantages over conventional open surgeries, which include – lesser pain and blood loss, quicker recovery, smaller and less noticeable scars, and generally fewer complications (such as surgical site infection and incisional hernias, among others).