The prostate gland is situated below the bladder in men, and plays a role in liquefaction of semen. This gland is prone to several conditions that can result in considerable discomfort and potentially affect overall health.
We demystify three common prostate problems: benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), prostatitis, and prostate cancer. Understanding these conditions can help raise awareness and promote early detection and treatment.
1. What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), referred to as an enlargement of the prostate gland, is a non-cancerous condition that often affects men as they age. With the passage of time, the prostate gland may enlarge and exert pressure on the urethra, causing urinary symptoms such as frequent urination, weak urine flow, and a feeling of incomplete bladder emptying.
To address BPH, treatment options encompass medications that promote relaxation of the prostate gland, as well as surgical interventions like transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) ,laser prostatectomy or laparoscopic /robotic simple prostatectomy aimed at alleviating the obstruction.
2. What is Prostatitis?
Prostatitis refers to inflammation of the prostate gland, which can occur due to bacterial infection or other non-infectious causes. Symptoms of prostatitis include pelvic pain, frequent urination, pain during urination or ejaculation, and sometimes fever.
The choice of treatment varies depending on the root cause, with bacterial prostatitis often requiring antibiotics, while anti-inflammatory medications, pain management strategies, and lifestyle adjustments may be employed. In the case of chronic prostatitis, long-term management is typically necessary to effectively control symptoms.
3. What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men. It occurs when abnormal cells in the prostate gland grow and form a tumour. Early-stage prostate cancer often shows no symptoms, highlighting the importance of regular screenings, such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests and digital rectal exams (DRE).
The treatment options for prostate cancer may vary depending on the stage and aggressiveness of the cancer, and may include surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these approaches. Active surveillance is also an option for some low-risk cases.
Frequent check-ups and open conversations with urologists play a crucial role in detecting prostate issues early on and ensuring appropriate management. By gaining knowledge about these prostate problems, individuals can take proactive measures to safeguard their prostate health and promptly seek medical assistance, if required, at Advanced Urology Mumbai (AUM).
It’s important to remember that early detection and treatment can significantly enhance outcomes and contribute to overall well-being.